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20 October 2011

Noun Clause Connectors and the Using


MORE SENTENCES WITH MULTIPLE CLAUSES

In the previous posts, we discussed about many sentences in English that have more than one clause. Now in the next some posts, we will discuss for patterns for connecting the clauses in sentences with multiple clauses. Sometimes, these patterns appear frequently in English and on the TOEFL test.

USE NOUN CLAUSE CONNECTORS CORRECTLY

First, I will explain the meaning of Noun Clause. A noun clause is a clause that functions as a noun. Because the noun clause is a noun, it is used in a sentence as either an object of a verb, an object of a preposition, or the subject of the sentence.

I know when he will arrive.
NOUN CLAUSE AS OBJECT OF VERB

I am concerned about when he will arrive.
NOUN CLAUSE AS OBJECT OF PREPOSITION

When he will arrive is not important.
NOUN CLAUSE AS SUBJECT

There are two clauses in the first example, I know and he will arrive. These two clauses are joined by the connector when. “When” changes the clause “he will arrive” into a noun clause. The function is as the object of the verb “know”.

There also two clauses in the second sentence, “I am concerned” and “he will arrive”. These clauses are also joined by the connector when. When changes the clause he will arrive into a noun clause. The function is as the object of the preposition about.

The third example is more difficult. There are two clauses in this sentence. But they are a little harder to recognize. “He will arrive” is one of the clauses. The connector “when” changes it into a noun clause. The function is as the subject of the sentence. The other clause has the noun clause when he will arrive as its subject and is as its verb.

Look at the following example. The example below shows how these sentence patterns could be tested:



There are two verbs (was and caused) in the example above. Each of these verbs needs a subject.

            The right answer is (A) That he
           
Analysis:

·         Answer (B) is wrong because the driver is one subject, and two subjects are needed.
·         Answers (C) and (D) are incorrect because there and because are not subjects.
·         If you choose answer (A), the completed sentence would be:

That he was late caused by many problems.

In the sentence above, “he” is the subject of the verb “was”. The noun clause “that he was late” is the subject of the verb “caused”.

Look at the following chart. It lists the noun clause connectors and the sentence patterns used with them:


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