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22 October 2011

USE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS CORRECTLY


USE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS CORRECTLY

In the previous post, we have discussed that adjective clause connectors were used to introduce clauses that describe nouns. But now, we will see that an adjective clause connector is not just a connector in some cases. An adjective clause connector can also be the subject of the clause at the same time.
Please look at the following sentence:


The woman is filling the glass that is on the table.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE

The glass that is on the table contains milk.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE

There are two clauses in the first example:

·         woman is the subject of the verb is filling,
·         that is the subject of the verb is.

These two clauses are joined with the connector that.
You should notice that in the sentence above, the word that serves two functions at the same time:


·         As the subject of the verb is,
·         As the connector that joins the two clauses.

The adjective clause “that is on the table” describes the noun glass.

There are also two clauses in the second sentence:
·         glass is the subject of the verb contains
·         that is the subject of the verb is.

In this example that also serves two functions:

·         As the subject of the verb is
·         As the connector that joins the two clauses.

Because that is on the table is an adjective clause describing the noun glass, it directly follows glass.

The following example shows how these sentence patterns could be tested:


Please notice immediately that the sentence has two verbs. They are “is” and “has”. Each of them needs a subject. (You know that “table” is not a subject because it follows the preposition on. Beside that, “table” is the object of the preposition.)   The best answer is answer (B).

          Analysis:

The only answer that has two subjects is answer (B).
The correct sentence should say: “The notebook which is on the table has four sections”. Notebook” is the subject of the verb has. Which is the subject of the verb is. Beside that, Which is also the connector that joins the two clauses.

Look at the chart below. The following chart lists the adjective clause connector or subjects and the sentence patterns used with them:




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