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30 October 2011

What is Preposition?


Preposition and Prepositional Phrase


Hello all… Come with me again, Mr. Enjoy. In the last few days, Mr. Enjoy was too lazy to be online and met you all. It was because Mr. Enjoy had so many assignments. I hope you miss me. Ha-ha… Now, Mr. Enjoy wants to talk about Preposition

Preposition is a word or phrase that shows the relationship of a noun to another noun”

Preposition is a word or phrase that shows the relationship of a noun to another noun such as at, by, in, to, from, with. Sometimes, preposition comes before a noun. It is also usually comes before pronoun or noun phrase. A preposition joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. I will give you some examples:

On, in, by, with, under, through, at

Here are some special characteristics of Prepositions:

- Preposition is a part of speech in traditional grammar.
- Preposition is a structure word in modern grammar.
- Preposition is a small class of words.
- Preposition has no formal characteristic endings.
- Preposition is a word used to relate a noun or pronoun to some other part of the sentence (see the diagram).
- Preposition is signal syntactic structures that function as the other parts of speech (noun, adjective, and adverb).
- Range in meanings of Preposition: from definite semantic notions as time, place, etc. to purely structural meanings.
- signal that a noun or noun phrase or noun clause follows it.
- Preposition is a word that combines with a noun or pronoun to form a phrase

Now, take a look at the formula below:

Preposition + Noun Phrase à Preposition Phrase

Preposition Phase has a function as noun, adjective, and adverb.
Now, Mr. Enjoy wants to tell you through the chart below:




For examples:
  1. The model showed the diamond necklace to whoever might be a potential buyer.
  2. They were proud of having such a good score.
  3. Jack fell down the stairs.
  4. Please come in the class.

Take a look at this formula

- Verb + Prep  à Two-part verbs
                        à Composite verbs
                        à Phrasal verbs
  E.g. bring about, look for, hand in, etc.

Here are some functions of Prepositional Phrase:

A.      As a Prepositional object
Examples:
(1)   The father looked at his child happily.
(2)   This tool consists of metal and woods.
(3)   All the boys over there were laughing at the jokers.

B.      As an Object + Prepositional object
Examples:
(1)   Please remind me of (about) the time of the meeting.
(2)   I have consulted my lawyer about the will.

C.      As a Two Prepositional Objects
Examples:

(1)   He likes to joke with his wife about everything.
(2)   The patient complained about the food to the nurse.

D. As a Subject
Examples:

(1)   Over the fence is out.
(2)   From ten to two is a good time to find me in the office.

E.    As a Subject Complement, Object Complement, Object of Preposition
Examples:
(1)   She was in tears.
(2)   That case is out of our jurisdiction.
(3)   We found her in tears.
(4)   I cannot see you until after Ied al Fitr Day.
(5)   The dog emerged from under the porch.

F.      As a Adverbial function
Examples:

(1)   I can see you at noon. (modifying a verb)
(2)   Put the flowers in the vase. (modifying a verb)
(3)   The train is bound for Rome. (modifying an adjective)


See you in the next Post! ^_^

Mr. Enjoy

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