THE USAGE OF PARALLEL STRUCTURE WITH PAIRED CONJUNCTIONS

Hello, with me again Mr. Enjoy. Today, we sill discuss about parallel structure with paired conjunctions. In the previous post, we have discussed about USE PARALLEL STRUCTURE WITH COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS. This is the next part of the previous post.

The paired conjunctions both... and, either.... or, neither.... nor, and not only ... but also require parallel structures.
  1. à   You know both where I went and what I did.
  2. à   Either Mickey or Susanna has the book.
  3. à   The books are neither in my bag nor in my white box.
  4. à   Steven is not only an excellent student but also an outstanding athlete.

The following statement is not parallel, and it must be corrected:
à   He wants either to go by train or by plane*.
Have you realized that? It is not correct because to go by train is not parallel to by plane. It can be corrected in some ways like below:
à   He wants either to go by train or to go by plane.
à   He wants to go either by train or by plane.
à   He wants to go by either train or plane.
When you are using these paired conjunctions, be sure that the correct parts are used together. The following are incorrect:
à   You want both this book or* that one.
à   Either Susanna nor* Stephanie is taking the course.
Did you know why those sentences are incorrect? Yes, you are right. These sentences are incorrect because the wrong parts of the paired conjunctions are used together. In the first example, the word and should be used with both. In the second statement, the word or should be used with either.
Look at the chart below. It outlines the use of parallel structure with paired conjunctions:


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